Suppose you wanted to store the values of three integers. You could declare three separate int variables and initialize them to the three values:
int x = 1; int y = 2; int z = 3;
This works well for a few numbers, but what if you needed to store the values of 1000 integers?
You would have to write 1000 declarations, each containing a unique identifier for the variable name. Fortunately, Java provides arrays.
Section 1 - Arrays Defined
An array is a construct that stores several values of the same type in contiguous memory. An array named A which stores the int values 1, 2, and 3 looks as follows:
The three int values in array A occupy contiguous memory locations starting at address 0x1000.
The first int resides at memory location 0x1000. Since an int require four bytes of memory, the second int resides at 0x1000 + 4 = 0x1004. The third int resides at 0x1000 + 8 = 0x1008.
Each value stored in an array is called an element.
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